2016

  • Esters, L., S. Landwehr, G. Sutherland, T. Bell, K. H. Christensen, and B.Ward, 2016. Dissipation-based parameterization of air-sea gas transfer velocity. J. Geophys. Res. In review
  • Bakker, D. C. E., B. Pfeil, C. S. Landa, N. Metzl, K. M. O’Brien, A. Olsen, K. Smith, C. Cosca, S. Harasawa, S. D. Jones, S. ichiro Nakaoka, Y. Nojiri, U. Schuster, T. Steinhoff, C. Sweeney, T. Takahashi, B. Tilbrook, C.Wada, R.Wanninkhof, S. R. Alin, C. F. Balestrini, L. Barbero, N. R. Bates, A. A. Bianchi, F. Bonou, J. Boutin, Y. Bozec, E. F. Burger, W.-J. Cai, R. D. Castle, L. Chen, M. Chierici, K. Currie, W. Evans, C. Featherstone, R. A. Feely, A. Fransson, C. Goyet, N. Greenwood, L. Gregor, S. Hankin, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, J. Harlay, J. Hauck, M. Hoppema, M. P. Humphreys, C.W. Hunt, B. Huss, J. S. P. Ibánhez, T. Johannessen, R. Keeling, V. Kitidis, A. Körtzinger, A. Kozyr, E. Krasakopoulou, A. Kuwata, P. Landschützer, S. K. Lauvset, N. Lefévre, C. L. Monaco, A. Manke, J. T. Mathis, L. Merlivat, F. J. Millero, P. M. S. Monteiro, D. R. Munro, A. Murata, T. Newberger, A. M. Omar, T. Ono, K. Paterson, D. Pearce, D. Pierrot, L. L. Robbins, S. Saito, J. Salisbury, R. Schlitzer, B. Schneider, R. Schweitzer, R. Sieger, I. Skjelvan, K. F. Sullivan, S. C. Sutherland, A. J. Sutton, K. Tadokoro, M. Telszewski, M. Tuma, S. M. A. C. van Heuven, D. Vandemark, B. Ward, A. J. Watson, and S. Xu, 2016. A multidecade record of high-quality fCO2 data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2
    Atlas (SOCAT). Earth Syst. Sci. Data. In review
  • Rabault, J., G. Sutherland, B. Ward, K. Christensen, T. Halsne, and A. Jensen, 2016. Measurements of waves in landfast ice using inertial motion units. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2016.2584182
  • Sutherland, G., L. Marié, G. Reverdin, K. J. Christensen, G. Bröstrom, and B. Ward, 2016. The diurnal jet and enhanced turbulence in the restratified ocean surface boundary layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0172.1
  • Scanlon, B. and B. Ward, 2016. The influence of environmental parameters on active and maturing oceanic whitecaps. J. Geophys. Res. doi:10.1002/2015JC011230.
  • Drushka, K., W. E. Asher, B. Ward, and K. Walesby, 2016. Understanding the formation and evolution of rain-formed fresh lenses at the ocean surface. J. Geophys. Res., 121. doi:10.1002/2015JC011527
  • Boutin, J., Y. Chao, W. E. Asher, T. Delcroix, R. Drucker, K. Drushka, N. Kolodziejczyk, T. Lee, N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J. Schanze, A. Soloviev, L. Yu, J. Anderson, L. Brucker, E. Dinnat, A. S. Garcia, L. Jones, C. Maes, T. Meissner, W. Tang, N. Vinogradova, and B. Ward, 2016. Satellite and in situ salinity: Understanding near surface stratification and sub-footprint variability. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00032.1.
  • Scanlon, B., O. Breivik, J. R. Bidlot, P. A. E. M. Janssen, A. H. Callaghan, and B. Ward, 2016. Modelling whitecap fraction with a wave model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46:887–894. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0158.1

2015

  • Wain, D. J., J. Lilly, A. H. Callaghan, I. Yashayaev, and B. Ward, 2015. A breaking internal wave in the surface ocean boundary layer. J. Geophys. Res., 120. doi:10/6p8
  • Walesby, K., J. Vialard, P. Minnett, A. Callaghan, and B. Ward, 2015. Observations indicative of rain-induced double diffusion in the ocean surface boundary layer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42. doi:10.1002/2015GL063506
  • O’Sullivan, N., S. Landwehr, and B. Ward, 2015. Air-flow distortion and wave interactions: An experimental and numerical comparison. Methods Oceanogr., 12:1–17. doi:10/5cw
  • Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, L. Marié, D. Bourras, G. Sutherland, B. Ward, J. Salvador, J. Font, Y. Cuypers, L. Centurioni, V. Hormann, N. Koldziejczyk, J. Boutin, F. D’Ovidio, F. Nencioli, N. Martin, D. Diverres, and G. Alory, 2015. Meso-scales, filaments and mixing in the stratified surface ocean during the STRASSE/SPURS summer 2012 cruise. Oceanography, 28:114–123. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2015.09
  • Landwehr, S., N. O’Sullivan, and B. Ward, 2015. Direct flux measurements from mobile platforms at sea: Motion and air flow distortion corrections revisited. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 32:1163–1178. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00137.1

2014

  • Sutherland, G., G. Reverdin, L. Marié, and B. Ward, 2014. Mixed and mixing layer depths in the ocean surface boundary layer under conditions of diurnal stratification. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41:8469–8476. doi:10.1002/2014GL061939
  • Ward, B., T. Fristedt, A. H. Callaghan, G. Sutherland, X. Sanchez, J. Vialard, and A. ten Doeschate, 2014. The Air-Sea Interaction Profiler (ASIP): An autonomous upwardly-rising profiler for microstructure measurements in the upper ocean. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31:2246–2267. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00010.1
  • Callaghan, A. H., B.Ward, and J. Vialard, 2014. Influence of surface forcing on nearsurface and mixing layer turbulence in the tropical Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. I, 94:107–123. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.009
  • Landwehr, S., S. D. Miller, M. J. Smith, E. S. Saltzman, and B. Ward, 2014. Analysis of the PKT correction for direct CO2 flux measurements over the ocean. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14:3361–3372. doi:10.5194/acp-14-3361-2014
  • Sutherland, G., K. H. Christensen, and B. Ward, 2014. Evaluating langmuir turbulence in the oceanic boundary layer. J. Geophys. Res., 119:1899–1910. doi:10/tft

2013

  • Scanlon, B. and B. Ward, 2013. Oceanic wave breaking coverage seperation techniques for active and maturing whitecaps. Methods Oceanogr., 8:1–12. doi:10.1016/j.mio.2014.03.001
  • Bell, T. G., W. De Bruyn, S. D. Miller, B. Ward, K. H. Christensen, and E. S. Saltzman, 2013. Air–sea dimethylsulfide (DMS) gas transfer in the North Atlantic: evidence for limited interfacial gas exchange at high wind speed. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13:11,073–11,087. doi:10/q6x
  • Scanlon, B., G. A. Wick, and B. Ward, 2013. Near-surface diurnal warming simulations: Validation with high resolution profile measurements. Ocean Sci., 9:1–10. doi:10/q68
  • Christensen, K. H., J. Röhr, B. Ward, I. Fer, G. Broström, Ø. Sætra, and Ø. Breivik, 2013. Surface wave measurements using ship mounted ultrasonic altimeter. Method Oceanogr., 6:1–15. doi:10/nt8
  • O’Sullivan, N., S. Landwehr, and B. Ward, 2013. Mapping flow distortion on oceanographic platforms using computational fluid dynamics. Ocean Sci., 9:855–866. doi:10/q63
  • Sutherland, G., K. H. Christensen, and B. Ward, 2013. Wave-turbulence scaling in the ocean mixed layer. Ocean Sci., 9:597–608. doi:10/q64
  • Reverdin, S. M. G., H. Bellenger, J. Boutin, N. Martin, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, F. Gaillard, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, and B. Ward, 2013. Near-sea surface temperature stratification from SVP drifters. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30:1867–1883. doi:10/q65

2012

  • Callaghan, A. H., G. B. Deane, M. D. Stokes, and B. Ward, 2012. Observed variation in the decay time of oceanic whitecap foam. J. Geophys. Res., 117:C09015. doi:10/q66

Book Chapters

  • Walesby, K. T. and B. Ward, 2016. The impact of near-surface salinity structure on SMOS retrievals. In D. Fernández-Prieto and R. Sabia, eds., Remote Sensing Advances for Earth System Science, pp. 75–88. Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16952-1_5
  • Garbe, C. S., A. Rutgersson, J. Boutin, B. Delille, C. W. Fairall, N. Gruber, J. Hare, D. Ho, M. T. Johnson, G. de Leeuw, P. D. Nightingale, H. Pettersson, J. Piskozub, E. Sahlée, W. Tsai, B. Ward, D. K. Woolf, and C. J. Zappa, 2013. Transfer across the air-sea interface. In P. S. Liss and M. T. Johnson, eds., Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles, pp. 55–112. Springer Earth System Sciences. doi:10/q6m

Conference Published Proceedings

  • Esters, L., S. Landwehr, G. Sutherland, T. G. Bell, E. S. Saltzman, K. H. Christensen, S. D. Miller, and B. Ward, 2016. The relationship between ocean surface turbulence and air-sea gas transfer velocity: An in-situ evaluation. In A. Jessup and W. Asher, eds., Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces. IoP.
  • Ward, B., S. Landwehr, G. Sutherland, N. O’Sullivan, B. Scanlon, A. H. Callaghan, X. Sanchez, K. Christensen, G. Broström, J. Lilly, S. Miller, N. Mitchell, and E. A. Terray, 2012. Developing techniques for studying the surface ocean-lower atmosphere system. In L. Ouwehand, ed., Proceedings of the ESA, SOLAS & EGU Joint Conference, Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, volume 703, p. 11. European Space Agency, Noordwijk, Netherlands

Conference and Workshop Presentations

2016

  • Bourassa, M. A., T. Tanhua, C. A. Clayson, J. Edson, S. T. Gille, S. K. Gulev, J. Johannessen, S. A. Josey, M. Kubota, M. Mazloff, S. Swart, B. Ward, R. Weller, and L. Yu, 2016. Roles of air/sea exchange in the cycles of energy, moisture and CO2. Global Climate Observation: the Road to the Future, Amsterdam, Netherland
  • Esters, L., B. Ward, G. Sutherland, A. T. Doeschate, S. Landwehr, T. Bell, and K. Christensen, 2016. Evaluation of scaling approaches for the oceanic dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy in the surface ocean. Ocean Sciences, New Orleans, USA
  • Sutherland, G., L. Marié, G. Reverdin, K. Christensen, G. Broström, and B. Ward, 2016. Enhanced turbulence associated with the diurnal jet in the ocean surface boundary layer. Ocean Sciences, New Orleans, USA
  • Ward, B., G. Sutherland, A. ten Doeschate, L. Esters, and K. Christensen, 2016. Estimates of mixed and mixing layer depths from ASIP. Ocean Sciences, New Orleans, USA
  • Rabault, J., G. Sutherland, A. Jensen, K. Christensen, B. Ward, A. Marchenko, E. Morozov, O. Gundersen, T. Halsne, and E. Lindstrøm, 2016. Wave measurements in landfast ice in Svalbard: Evolution of wave propagation following wind waves to swell transition. Ocean Sciences, New Orleans, USA

2015

  • ten Doeschate, A., B. Ward, and G. Sutherland, 2015. Diurnal warm layer model validation with microstructure measurements. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Kiel, Germany
  • Esters, L., B. Ward, and G. Sutherland, 2015. Evaluation of scaling approaches for the oceanic dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy at the air-sea interface. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Kiel, Germany
  • Scanlon, B. and B. Ward, 2015. The influence of environmental parameters on active and maturing oceanic whitecaps. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Kiel, Germany
  • Bell, T. G., S. Landwehr, M. Yang, B. Ward, S. D. Miller, A. Callaghan, B. Scanlon, W. D. Bruyn, C. S. Law, M. J. Smith, and E. S. Saltzman, 2015. Quantifying the effect of bubbles upon air/sea gas exchange. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Kiel, Germany
  • Esters, L., B. Ward, S. Landwehr, G. Sutherland, T. Bell, E. Saltzman, and S. Miller, 2015. In situ evaluation of the relationship between ocean surface turbulence and air-sea gas transfer velocity. 7th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, Seattle, USA
  • Ward, B., G. Sutherland, G. Reverdin, L. Marie, K. Christensen, G. Brostrom, R. Harcourt, , and O. Breivik, 2015. Ocean surface observations of the diurnal cycle of turbulence with ASIP. EGU General Assembly 2015, Vienna, Austria
  • ten Doeschate, A., B. Ward, G. Sutherland, J. Font, , and G. Reverdin, 2015. Diurnal warming observations with ASIP in the subtropical northern atlantic. EGU General Assembly 2015, Vienna, Austria
  • Walesby, K., B. Ward, J. Vialard, , and P. Minnett, 2015. Observations of a downward mixing of rainfall with the ASIP microstructure profiler. EGU General Assembly 2015, Vienna, Austria
  • Ward, B., G. Sutherland, G. Reverdin, L. Marié, K. Christensen, G. Bröstrom, R. Harcourt, and Ø. Breivik, 2015. Observations of the diurnal cycle of near surface dissipation and shear. 19th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Phoenix, USA
  • Landwehr, S., N. O’Sullivan, and B. Ward, 2015. A revised motion and tilt correction for direct air-sea flux measurements. 19th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Phoenix, USA
  • Scanlon, B., S. Miller, and B. Ward, 2015. Actively breaking and maturing oceanic whitecap observations. 19th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Phoenix, USA

2014

  • ten Doeschate, A., G. Sutherland, J. Font, G. Reverdin, and B. Ward, 2014. Near-surface measurements in the subtropical Northern Atlantic: Heat exchange and salinity variability. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • Scanlon, B., S. Miller, and B. Ward, 2014. Oceanic whitecaps: Actively breaking and maturing whitecaps. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • Sutherland, G., G. Reverdin, L. Marié, G. Bröström, K. Christensen, and B. Ward, 2014. Diurnal evolution of turbulence in the ocean surface boundary layer. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • Esters, L., J. Lilly, and B. Ward, 2014. Simultaneous observations of diurnal warming and a convective event in the labrador sea. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • Landwehr, S., N. O’Sullivan, G. Sutherland, A. ten Doeschate, J. Font, and B. Ward, 2014. Shipborne direct flux measurements of CO2: Advanced motion correction. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • Bell, T., M.-X. Yang, E. Saltzman, W. de Bruyn, C. Marandino, S. Miller, C. Law, M. Smith, K. Christensen, and B. Ward, 2014. Direct eddy covariance measurements of dimethylsulfide air/sea gas transfer in the southern ocean. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • O’Sullivan, N., S. Miller, and B. Ward, 2014. Flow distortion error with wind/wave interactions using computational fluid dynamics. Earth Observation for Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions Science, Frascati, Italy
  • de Almeida, J. L., B. Ward, P. J. Bresnahan Jr., P. Maguire, and T. R. Martz, 2014. Micro-fluidic dynamics in the micro-rosette for in situ measurements of dissolved inorganic carbon. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Bresnahan Jr., P. J., T. R. Martz, J. L. de Almeida, P. Maguire, and B. Ward, 2014. The development of a micro-rosette for low-volume, low-power, in situ profiles of dissolved inorganic carbon. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • ten Doeschate, A., G. Sutherland, K.Walseby, G. Reverdin, J. Font, and B. Ward, 2014. Upper ocean variability of temperature, salinity and dissipation during SPURS. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Font, J., B. Ward, M. Emelianov, J. Busecke, and S. Morisset, 2014. SPURS-MIDAS Cruise in the North Atlantic Salinity Maximum, March-April 2013. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Landwehr, S., S. Miller, M. Smith, E. Saltzman, and B. Ward, 2014. Analysis of the PKT correction for direct CO2 flux measurements over the ocean. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • O’Sullivan, N., S. Landwehr, S. Miller, and B. Ward, 2014. Mapping flow distortion on oceanographic research vessels using computational fluid dynamics. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Paskyabi, M. B., B. Ward, and I. Fer, 2014. Observational and numerical study of wave-turbulence interaction near the sea surface. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Scanlon, B. and B. Ward, 2014. Discriminating between active and maturing oceanic whitecaps. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Sutherland, G., B. Ward, and K. Christensen, 2014. Evaluating turbulence regimes in the ocean surface boundary layer: Measurements from a vertically rising microstructure profiler. Ocean Sciences , Honolulu, USA
  • Walesby, K. T., B. Ward, and J. Vialard, 2014. Observations of double diffusion in the upper ocean. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA
  • Ward, B., G. Sutherland, S. Landwehr, S. Miller, E. Saltzman, and T. Bell, 2014. Relationship between air-sea gas transfer velocities k derived from eddy covariance direct flux measurements and ocean surface dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy  produced by an upwardly-rising microstructure profiler. Ocean Sciences, Honolulu, USA

2013

  • Ward, B., G. Sutherland, A. ten Doeschate, G. Reverdin, and J. Font, 2013. Upper ocean profiles of surface salinity from the air-sea interaction profiler. SMOS & Aquarius Science Workshop, Brest, France
  • Wain, D., B. Ward, J. Lilly, and A. Callaghan, 2013. Breaking internal waves on the pycnocline of the labrador sea. EGU2013-10039, European Geosciences Union General Assembly

2012

  • Landwehr, S., S. Miller, E. Saltzman, and B. Ward, 2012. Eddy covariance air-sea CO2 flux measurements using closed path IR gas analysers. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Cle Elum, WA, USA
  • de Almeida, J. L., B.Ward, J. Shutler, C. Gentemann, Z. A.Wang, and P. J. Bresnahan, 2012. On the inclusion of the ocean’s diurnal warming effect for the global air-sea net budget estimation. SOLAS Open Science Conference, Cle Elum, WA, USA